Neglect of a child is not limited to physical abuse; it encompasses physical, emotional, sexual abuse. The effects of these types of abuse are not limited to the number of years the child suffers; unfortunately, the effects of child abuse last a lifetime. Studies on child abuse have proven the negative effects are more than skin deep, and can have permanent physical, intellectual, and psychological consequences throughout adolescence and adulthood.
When children experience abuse during early childhood, the abuse compromises the physical and psychological development of the child. When a child experiences a multitude of negative experiences during development, the child may develop emotional, behavioral, and learning problems that persist throughout their lifetime. These children later suffer from economic costs of hospital bills, foster care, lower academic achievement, adult criminality, and lifelong mental health problems.
Sexual Child Abuse: The affects of sexual child abuse may include fear, anxiety, depression, anger, hostility, inappropriate sexual behavior, poor self-esteem, substance abuse, and difficulty with close relationships.
Physical Child Abuse: Children who have faced physical child abuse suffer the immediate effects of bruises, burns, lacerations, and broken bones. In the long term, these children can suffer such injuries as brain damage, hemorrhages, and permanent disabilities. Suffering from physical trauma can also negatively affect children’s physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development.
Emotional Child Abuse: While many people knock the significance of emotional abuse, emotional abuse causes some of the most significant long term psychological damage. People who suffer emotional abuse, also known as psychological maltreatment, are forever altered in their ability to create stable emotional, psychological, and/or social development. The effects of emotional abuse may include insecurity, poor self-esteem, destructive behavior, withdrawal, poor development of basic skills, alcohol or drug abuse, suicide, difficulty forming relationships, and instability in holding a job.